The potential and real effect of artificial intelligence ( AI) on higher education (HE) is discussed in this thematic article. The emphasis is mainly on the use of AI for teaching and learning support. While a range of resources and software systems are available for higher education teaching and learning, there is much more to be explored. AI has the potential to expand the content and tools of teaching resources that can be made accessible, but also to change the way we deliver and deliver higher education.
The term artificial intelligence (AI) was not well known in most countries, even if it is the focus of great research by universities around the world. Most people associated AI with the popular science fiction stories of science fiction writer Arthur C Clarke. In his 1967 short story “The Sentinel”, he describes the need to have an intelligent machine to protect humanity from external threats. The machine is able to change its own design and behaviour so that it can “be a machine, adapt, and overcome”.
Although AI is inspired by the smart machines of science fiction, AI is the product of numerous real research projects in science, engineering, education and philosophy. Let us therefore delve into the idea of intelligence and AI.
One aspect of intelligence is the capacity to solve new problems.
Strategic or institutional applications of AI: learning analytics
Technologically speaking, this application of AI deals with big data, statistics, and machine learning; from the point of view of education, most such applications tackle the problems of student selection, dropout and group behaviour tendencies, and analyse such data as a means of predicting and eventually redirecting strategies for future students.
In addition, it can be found in such uses as an educational assessment of people’s skills and knowledge; aiming to provide real-time guidance to workers and ultimately becoming a part of their day-to-day work.
In terms of institutions, learning analytics can also make use of student’s profile, statistics and records to assess the effectiveness of such programs as remedial classes, testing modes and tuition programme; provide feedback and suggest specific changes and adaptations for improvement.
Potential industries in the domain: research & consulting, academic institutions, manufacturing, media & communication, financial services, education, pharmaceutical, public services, law, consulting & accounting firms, marketing, IT industry, banking & finance industries, research institutes, regulatory institutions, life sciences companies, etc.
Legal applications of AI
While the use of AI in the education sector is comparatively newer, AI application in the legal domain is already a part of daily life, and potentially limitless. With the help of big data, AI application will be able to provide clarity in a given set of legal issues; diagnose likely legal disputes and most efficient resolution methods; and thus provide essential legal guidance to a large number of industries and users.
In addition to the obvious legal aspects of legal applications, law firms can use AI to be efficient and efficient by increasing efficiency in legal research, decision-making, and operations.
Teaching and learning applications of AI
A second level deals specifically with the method of teaching and learning. To what degree can AI promote or even handle the teaching and learning process itself?
To date, this field has consisted mainly of AI assistants such as chatbots, as well as techniques to configure and adjust learning to unique characteristics or needs of groups or individuals, and generally any educational software that directly supports the learning process, including AI techniques.
AI will play an increasingly significant role in learning systems and techniques that will directly assist learners in learning something new.
All levels are combined in a broader area of study called Artificial Intelligence Education: Education that combines general learning, language learning, and social learning. With AI teaching and learning will be made much easier and help more people improve their skills and capacities.
AI has a role in the evolution of the world’s next generation.